December 31, 2020
December 31, 2020
Why should an “A Player” who is head down, working hard, not looking for change, and doing a great job for your #1 competitor come to work for you? If your words don’t yet paint a very compelling “Why”, you’ve got work to do. Short of being just plain lucky, if you’re not able to clearly articulate why your next impact player should put down what he or she is working on, and listen carefully, you are destined to select from the ranks of the unemployed, underemployed, and disgruntled.
This year we examined a dozen research studies on attraction and retention. Coca-Cola published one of the earliest such studies during the late 1980s, and it was full of surprises for that time. LinkedIn released a report in 2019 detailing the discoveries from analyzing the behavior of 7 million LinkedIn users and 10,000 people who changed jobs. Workopolis conducted research in 2019 around why people changed employers. Cordant, a global human resources, and payroll services firm conducted a study of job seekers in 2019. Gallup published an extensive study in 2018 around employment trends including how millennials are affecting the workforce. Right Management, who calls itself the world’s leading provider of human capital services, conducted its own 2019 survey on the subject.
As someone who has studied leadership, employment branding, and workforce engagement over four decades, it is clear that the workforce has changed in fundamental ways, as have the key attributes you need to attract the talent. Here are the conclusions we’ve drawn along with some material excerpts from the research:
To attract the best talent for your organization, clearly articulate what makes your culture attractive and what kind of culture you’re trying to build. “A” Players want to know who you are and why you exist, not just what you do. Impact players want to be a part of an organizational culture, to enjoy and contribute to it. Cultural imperatives include unified leadership, disciplined hiring, leading with purpose, measuring what matters, clarity in communications, customer experience, stakeholder engagement, cost leadership, and innovation.
One great example: QuikTrip, an enigmatic 800 store, 29,000 employee convenience store chain headquartered in Tulsa, Oklahoma is well-known for having an exceptional culture, driven by its purpose to provide opportunities for employees to grow and succeed. A critically important part of that culture is an employee base that is fully engaged, almost to the point of being fanatical. This incredibly strong culture results in 100 people applying for every job filled, workforce turnover of less than 10% of the global average and per-store profits double its next best competitor. QuikTrip has built a culture of peak performance. Their employment brand is so strong people know about it, admire it, and want to be a part of it.
The Research: The LinkedIn study said that 36% of workers left their employer because of work environment and culture. The Coca-Cola employee engagement study sited lack of recognition for a job well done as #1 and work environment/culture as the #2 reasons employees changed jobs. The Workopolis study cited work environment/culture as the #2 reason people left their jobs, the #2 reason employees began a job search, and the #1 reason for new job acceptance. Work/Life balance was cited as the #3 reason for new job acceptance in the same study. The LinkedIn study said that 39% joined new employers because of alignment with the organization’s overall mission or direction and 32% left because of a lack of recognition for a job well done. 18% of the Cordant respondents cited flexible work hours as a reason for joining new employers. Right Management cites seeking work/life balance as the #4 reason for changing jobs, and better alignment of personal and organizational values as reason #7.
Meaningful and Challenging Work, Purpose and Making a Difference
We all want to be excited and feel great about our work, and yet most of the world’s workforce is disengaged. Talk about why the work at your company matters and why your employees feel challenged and connected. A clue here: It can’t be just about making money.
One great example: Southwest Airlines, the largest and consistently most profitable airline on the planet has a very clear purpose which is to connect people to what’s important in their lives through friendly, reliable, and low-cost air travel (and have fun doing it). Substantially all of Southwest Airlines’ 69,000 employees are engaged and excited by its clear sense of purpose.
The Research: The LinkedIn study said that 41% joined new organizations to make a difference and do meaningful work, 47% joined for more challenging work and 36% left due to the lack of it. The Coca-Cola study cited lack of challenge, meaningful work, and making a difference as reasons #2, 3, and 5 for changing jobs. Right Management cites new challenges as the #1 reason for changing. The Gallup study says the combination of purpose, meaningful work, and making a difference is the #1 reason millennials join organizations. Jim Clifton, Gallup’s Chairman and CEO says that in the past, the focus among younger workers was #1 My Future, #2 My Paycheck, #3 My Satisfaction, #4 My Boss, #5 My Annual Review and #6 My Weaknesses. Millennials, workers who either are or will shortly control the global workforce are now focused on #1 My Purpose, #2 My Development, #3 My Coach, #4 My Ongoing Conversations, #5 My Strengths, and #6 My Life. Cordant said that 50% of its respondents joined their new employer for interesting work.
Senior Management Leadership is Key
People rarely join companies. They join leaders and people with whom they are well aligned, and with whom they can make a difference and enjoy themselves. Many organizations are overmanaged and under led. Articulate what great looks like in your organization. Great leadership can be felt and appreciated from the board room to the front lines and the customer base.
One great example: Two CEOs, former Green Bay Packers football players who played in Super Bowls I and II, and now running their own companies, said this of Vince Lombardi: We never felt so loved or cared for by any human being. It was this love that enabled Coach Lombardi to push us to levels we never thought possible. We would absolutely do anything for him.
The Research: The Coca-Cola employee engagement study cited lack of senior management leadership as the #2 reason employees changed jobs. The LinkedIn study said that 41% left because of senior management. Right Management cites ineffective leadership as the #2 reason for changing jobs, a poor relationship with supervision as the #3 reason, and lack of recognition as the #4 reason for changing jobs. The Workopolis study cited difficult boss relationship as the #1 reason people left their job. 30% of Cordant’s respondents joined new organizations for better management, and 27% left for better training and development opportunities. The emerging workforce is looking for different leadership than the workforce of the past. Organizations that will win the hearts and minds of the new workforce will be able to articulate how they develop and coach their emerging leaders by having on-going conversations to help them capitalize on their strengths and enhance their overall lives. Quite a challenge for baby-boomers that grew up in the command-and-control era.
Career Path, Advancement, and Development
The best companies in the world place major emphasis on providing opportunities for employees to grow personally and professionally. Talk about growth opportunities for those who are willing to work hard. Opportunities also for continuing education and development go a long way.
One great example: Because QuikTrip’s purpose is to provide opportunities to grow and succeed, how many stores they open is driven by how many store teams are ready to advance. Substantially everyone in the company has the same career opportunities which are well articulated and are not offered to people from outside the company. Development programs, which are plentiful yet competitive, require peer group recommendation.
The Research: The LinkedIn study said that 45% of respondents left their current employer because they didn’t see an attractive career path, 59% joined their new organization because they saw more opportunity and a more attractive career path and that 47% joined because of better fit for their skills and interests. The Workopolis study cited lack of advancement opportunities as the #4 reason people left their job, the #3 reason for beginning a job search, and the #2 reason for new job acceptance. Cordant said that 59% of their respondents left their employers for better advancement opportunity.
Compensation and Benefits
Compensation and benefits are below the top spot in virtually all studies but in the top five in most. Make certain your salaries, incentives, total cash compensation, and other perks are competitive for your sector. Remember that benefits can include flexible schedules, creative personal time off, and other methods that provide autonomy and balance. Remember that great compensation does not necessarily mean higher base salaries.
One great example: Southwest Airlines’ pilots are far from the most highly compensated pilots in the air. Yet, when considering total compensation, including stock appreciation and profit-sharing, they are extremely well compensated, and they have more fun!
The Research: The LinkedIn study said that 54% joined for better compensation and/or benefits and 34% left because of dissatisfaction with same. The Coca-Cola study cited compensation/benefits as the #7 reason employees changed jobs. The Workopolis study cited compensation/benefits as the #5 reason people left their job and the #5 reason for new job acceptance. Cordant indicated that 56% of its respondents changed jobs for better compensation. Right Management cites better compensation and benefits as the #6 reason for changing jobs. Another Key finding from the LinkedIn Study: A candidate’s biggest challenge is the uncertainty of what it would be like to work for a company. 49 % of job-changers said that the biggest obstacle they faced when considering a new job was the uncertainty of what it’d be like to work for the company.
What does this mean for recruiting top talent? Communicating your company culture to potential candidates is absolutely crucial. How can you accomplish this? Consider allocating space in your budget to make a recruiting video. According to LinkedIn Talent Solutions blog, not only do videos do a better job of engaging candidates, but they also make a company seem “more human and personable”. Bring your company to life with a recruiting video. Answering the “So What” question can be a game-changer for your organization. Having a compelling reason, the best talent available should consider your organization will allow you to sell the opportunity and not the candidate.
Allen Austin exists to fulfill its purpose, which is to enhance the lives and effectiveness of our associates, clients, and stakeholders. Our solutions are focused on assisting clients in building cultures of peak performance, through our retained search and leadership advisory practices. Please give us a call if we may assist in any way, or if you’d just like a thought partner.
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